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This article is about a non-fiction entity related to the Astronist belief system or the Astronic tradition.
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The Vendox, the primary symbol of Astronism.

Main concepts and beliefs
Existences of the Astronic cosmology
Canon of Astronism
Forms of Astronism
Geography of Astronism
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Not to be confused with Astronomy, Astrology, Astromancy, Astronaut, Astrometry, pre-Astronist Sophism, Russian cosmism, or Zoroastrianism.

Astronism (/əsˈtrɒnɪzm/; translated appellations; alternative appellations; founded 2013 or 52 PEC) is an Astronic belief system and life stance founded by the English philosopher Cometan that self-identifies as the first organised form of astroncy. Its community of followers, known as Astronists, are distinguished from other groups by their adherence to the cosmocentric worldview in which the astronomical world is given prime importance as the central focus of human existence. A person may choose to identify Astronism as their religion, philosophy, spirituality, or ideology and to follow its beliefs and practices to varying degrees according to their personal preference. Astronism's largest and founding denomination is the Astronist Institution which promotes the many forms of Astronism as a single organised philosophy whose ethos is based on principles of freethought and the Philosophical Spirit.

Foremost in the Astronist experience is the category of emotions called astronality. Astronality encompasses all perceptions of the astronomical world, especially how these feelings have manifested in human religious belief and practice from prehistoric times to the contemporary. Central to the life of an Astronist is cultivating and mastering these emotions which may emerge as hope, fear, desire, or sheer wonder from observing or otherwise engaging with outer space and its phenomena. Due to the basis of Astronist belief and practice hinging on experience of astronality, Astronism as a whole system is regarded as based not any one event having occurred or any belief being true, but instead on genuine experience of astronality (a distinguishing quality of Astronism referred to in meta-Astronist theory as emotionalism). Essentially, astronality denotes a quality inherent in human beings since the Stone Age, one that underpins all Astronist activity and is related to the psychological construct noctcaelador. It is in astronality's Palaeolithic origins that the Astronic tradition has itself been traced back to, thus establishing a clear prehistoric lineage of belief and practice that Astronism, along with other contemporary space religions, forges new, modern dimensions of.

As a philosophical stance, astronism denotes belief of all kinds as being derived from or otherwise intertwined with the astronomical world and the prospects of space exploration. As a result, Astronist philosophy primarily concerns itself with analysing and commenting upon the human condition as it relates to the environment of outer space. Astronist discourses tend to give a central focus to outer space, both its phenomena and its exploration, physically, intellectually and also mystically, and its role in the situation for the human species, both in the present and in the past and the future. Concepts and questions regarding existentiality, such as the meaning of life or the origins and future of humankind, are all integrated throughout with the affairs of the astronomical world.

Astronism exhibits a robust eschatology and soteriology, each playing a crucial role in the development of the identity of the system. The premise of the Astrosoteriology rests in the notion called perinism – that the astronomical world possesses redemptive capacities for humankind – capacities which are regarded as accessible through stellancy (one's degree of proximity to the astronomical world). Hence, it is the cultivating and heightening of one's stellancy that corresponds to one's ability to experience the benefits of transcension. The soteriology of Astronism begins with the origins of astronality itself during what is referred to as the scope of man, essentially the first instance of a human being raising their head to gaze upon the stars and to translate their emotions felt as a result of such observations to their beliefs and practices and how they see themselves in relation to the night sky above them. Together, these individual narratives come to form an overall Astronist narrative called the Sideresis.

Although beliefs and practices relating humankind to the stars have existed since prehistoric times, they have laid dormant for millennia due to the ongoing dominance of the Controversion. Cometan's Founding of Astronism is set to have changed this status quo by placing once again the astronomical world at the forefront of human emotion, belief, and practice. From the age of fifteen, Cometan has described a profound sense of connection to outer space and its phenomena, so much so that this came to shape and effect his disposition, his aspirations, and his overall identity. Emerging from this astronomical infusion to his core, Cometan experienced a long and often disorienting series of personal inspirations, many of which lead to full indrucies that in turn allowed him to write the Omnidoxy which later became Astronism's founding text. In more recent times, Cometan has become more skilled in managing these inspirations which has allowed him to channel and somewhat control their occurrence through what he calls his celestial mode. As a result, his current authorship of the Astrodoxy – set to be Astronism's central text – will be a markedly different book, far more organised and channelled while the Omnidoxy seems to encompass so much as its name implies that oftentimes the book becomes difficult to digest.

In more recent scholarship, the word Neo-Astronism has been assigned to Cometan's efforts, especially in order to distinguish his establishment of contemporary Astronism from what is technically referred to as proto-Astronism. This is because the term Astronism has become synonymous with the modern practice of any type of astronomical religion.

Following Cometan's Great Elucidation, Astronism underwent a complex process in which its philosophy, spirituality, religion and ideology were clearly demarcated and were thereafter rewoven in order to explain their coexistential, symbiotic relationship. Astronist philosophy contributed cosmocentrism to Astronism, but is distinguished from Astronist religion by representing the non-spiritual and non-eschatological aspects of Astronism. This includes considering the astronomical world, particularly its exploration and enknowledgement, as a source of life purpose. Another central aspect of Astronist philosophy is the conviction that deep space exploration and the civilisation of worlds other than the Earth is the destiny of humanity as a sentient species. 

The role and figureship of Cometan with regards to Astronist affairs varies. Some consider Cometan to be no more than a gifted thinker, as the undisputed founder of Astronism, and as its current figurehead, while others attach particular beliefs and ideals to the personhood, personage and icon of Cometan. All such beliefs, theories, and concepts about Cometan are encompassed by the branch of Astronism known as Cometanism. The direct influence of Cometan and the nature of his role in Astronism is a fluctuating and ever-evolving aspect of both Astronist religion, philosophy and ideology.                               

Astronist religion

The Astronist religion is most accurately described as an astronomical religion or a space-based religion, but its theology has be variously described as astrotheistic, panentheistic, depadotheistic, and even atheistic. Astronism's heritage rests in the original religion of astrotheology which traces its lineage back to the Upper Palaeolithic period of the Stone Age. The Astronist religion belongs to the Astronic religions category.        

The religious aspects of Astronism are predicated upon two closely related beliefs. The first of these maintains that when a person dies, they "become One with The Cosmos", as a type of final absorption into the physical world that signifies the end of their existence. This process is known as cosmosis, is experienced by all animate beings and does not hinge on any moral code. Interpretations of cosmosis are divided into two major schools of thought, the first is known as astronaturalism while the second is referred to as transtellationism which take a naturalistic and spiritualistic approach to cosmosis respectively. While astronaturalism maintains cosmosis to only be a natural process, transtellationists possess a wide variety of beliefs, some of which incorporates varying degrees of an afterlife. Currently, the naturalist school is dominant within the Astronist Institution.        

The second major Astronist religious belief maintains that cosmosis (absorption into The Cosmos) is not only achievable after one has died, but is achievable during one's lifetime; this is known as astrosis. Astrosis is a state of being with spiritual, intellectual, physical, and psychological components and is essentially the approximation of the self to The Cosmos in every way through sets of practices and beliefs ascribed by Astronist religion. The goal of astrosis is to reach one's unique level of understanding of and connection to the astronomical world. Astrosis is particularly important to Astronist philosophy because it represents each person's individual contribution to the collective goal of human transcension.       

Belief in astrosis, or absorption into the astronomical world while still alive, subsequently ignited a tradition of mysticism within Astronism. Methodologies to the achievement of astrosis also continue to emerge by emphasising different aspects of Astronist religious practices and philosophy as pathways to astrosis.        

Underpinning both astrosis and cosmosis is the fundamental Astronist belief that the astronomical world is a source of spirituality that is experienced through the emotion of astronality, that the astronomical world is fundamentally involved with events occurring after death and is the source of answers to questions regarding life meaning, human chosenness or supremacy, existence etc., that through nature it dispenses moral virtues, and that as a totality, it is a guiding realm to be mystically, intellectually, physically, and mentally explored.       

Astronist philosophy

Astronist philosophy is synonymous with the philosophy of space exploration, hence Astronist philosophy's establishment of a branch of philosophy known as cosmontology to deal with the vast philosophical and ethical questions concerning outer space. Besides contemplating the traditional branches of philosophy, Astronist philosophy is primarily concerned with exploring the principle that the astronomical world is a source of life purpose. Following on from that principle comes the notion that it as a sentient species with capacity to do so, it humanity's solemn destiny to explore deep space and to colonise worlds beyond that of Earth.

It is based on these two philosophical principles that Cometan developed the notion of transcension. Transcension is described as the biological, psychological, and intellectual ascension of humanity through the endeavours to explore deep space.

There are two major schools of thought of Astronist philosophy each of which revolve around this state of transcension and how best to achieve it. The first of which is known as the transhumanist school while the second is known as the transcensionist school. Both schools seek to achieve both individual and collective transcension, but they vest the ability to do so in different methods with transcensionism stating that transcension will actual naturally through human evolution during the human physiology will adapt to environments beyond Earth. Meanwhile, the transhumanist school maintains that technology will allow for the achievement of transcension quicker.

An important aspect to both schools is known as contributionism which states that contributing to transcension through individual endeavours is integral to collective transcension for descendants. Additionally, such contributions are considered to harbour life purpose and fulfilment for both the individual and for collective humanity.

The cosmology of Astronism acts as an important basis for Astronist belief. The cosmology's fundamental principle is that The Cosmos resembles a limited (limitationism), animate wholeness (Astronist organicism) that is inescapable for anything within it.

Other aspects of Astronism

Although the British philosopher Cometan is the modern day founder of Astronism, during what is known as the era of The Founding of Astronism. The term Cometanism emerged shortly following Astronism's initial development and has come to be described as a separate distinct branch Astronism involving all beliefs directly about Cometan e.g. surography.        

In the context of religious demographics, the term Astronism has come to represent all Astronic religions as well as those who follow Astronism as their philosophy. As such, the categories of Greater Astronism and Astronism proper emerged in order to distinguish between populations adhering to some form of astronomical religion or space philosophy and the core population of those identifying as Astronists. The term Astronism has come to encompass all interactions between astronomy and religion, particularly religious, philosophical, or ideological beliefs that incorporate astronomy or outer space which has given Astronism a broad base of adherents from its formative years.    

Astronism teaches in its Epitaph that "The Cosmos is limitation and cosmosis is the ultimation; the freedom to achieve our limitations." It was founded by the philosopher, Cometan, and codified in the world's longest religious treatise known as the Omnidoxy.

Variously described as a religion, an organised philosophy, a system of thought, or simply a way of life, Astronism's designation is subject to ongoing debate. Astronism is most accurately described as a hybrid combining a balanced synthesis of religion and philosophy. As such, a strong tradition of philosophy exists within Astronism known as Astronist philosophy that remains integral to its belief system and its entire identity.

Astronism is the world's youngest major religion and the 14th largest as of January 2021 boasting 4.27 million adherents in total. The worldwide community of Astronists, known as the Astrosa, generally, but do not necessarily, believe in The Seven Tenets of Association along with a vast and complex combination of other concepts and beliefs.

Furthermore, it is from this goal that Astronist mysticism and the new branch of philosophy called cosmontology have emerged. Both of these share the goal of the proximation towards The Cosmos, whether it be of humans individually or humanity collectively. All investigation to understand the nature, form, and purpose of The Cosmos are conducted with the intention of achieving astrosis. It is this intention to achieve corporeal cosmosis that drives Astronism forward in its ultimate goal to understand the nature and existential purpose of cosmic reality.

Others beliefs in Astronism

Astronism follows the notion that humanity exists in subordination to The Cosmos, and that humanity is not presently fulfilling its intended destiny or existential purpose due to humanity's insufficient exploration of space. Astronism advocates for what is known as cosmocentrism, a newly formulated worldview that places outer space at the centre of beliefs and actions due to the notion that humanity will only achieve transcension through our exploration of space.

Astronism encompasses various schools of thought on the topics of theology, soteriology, ontology, epistemology, and futurology. The theological position of Astronism has been described as both panentheistic and depadotheistic, however, it has also be referred to as non-theistic, transtheistic, and even atheistic. Furthermore, Astronism has been described as both a space religion and a natural religion as the majority of its beliefs are derived from natural rather than supernatural frames of thought.

The Astronic cosmology plays a central and structural role in Astronism. It upholds the notion that The Cosmos is the realm in which humanity resides, that The Cosmos and all within it are fundamentally limited in their nature, and that everything inside The Cosmos holds no ability to leave The Cosmos. The Astronic cosmology postulates the three essential existences, the first of which is The Cosmos itself, while the latter two are The Universe and The Divine.

The Universe is the infinite uncreated, yet Divinely sustained existence in which an infinite amount of limited cosmoses reside, all of which are expanding yet none of which will ever come in contact with each other. Meanwhile, The Divine is the Astronist conception of the uncaused first cause of existence that created and continues to intercede in each of the cosmoses within The Universe. The extent and nature of such a divine intercession as well as the relationship between The Divine and The Universe remain contentious areas of theological debate amongst Astronists.

Astronism consists of an ever-expanding collection of other beliefs and practices that act as complimentary to its core postulations. Of these, some of the most prominent include sentientism, intracosmism, and reascensionism, and beyond these, some other important beliefs are uniquitarianism, ephemeralism, cosmic devotion, triadism, manumissionism and reinvigorationism.

Origins of Astronism

Astronism has become a leading symbol for the reorganisation and revival of astronomical religions in the 21st century after a long history of their subversion, dispersion and persecution. Astronism holds its lineage in astronomical religions practiced prehistorically as far back as 40,000 years ago in the Upper Palaeolithic period of the Stone Age. With the founding of Astronism, Cometan simultaneously organised the Astronic religions category which is comprised of a collection of religions proclaiming to be the oldest religious tradition and the third oldest form of religious expression in human history. Astronism is considered to be the third and completing part of the Astronic Triumvirate which includes the prehistoric belief of astrolatry ("worship of the stars") and the ancient practice of astromancy ("divination of the stars"). It is believed that Astronism represents the next logical step of interaction with "the stars" in the form of their organised "contemplation" as the term Astronism is derived from the Cometanic noun astrony.

Nature of Astronism

Astronism is characterised by its conceptual elasticity, meaning that it does not apply dogma to its followers, but instead aligns itself with the Philosophical Spirit by encouraging open debate of Astronist concepts and beliefs.

The Philosophical Spirit was first outlined in the Omnidoxy as an important part of the formation of Astronic metaphilosophy. It can be described as a set of principles based on the notions of freethought, the logical justification of beliefs and opinions, and the acceptance of rationalised oppositions. These characteristics remain rooted in the lenient nature of philosophical discourse and are reflective of how true philosophies are considered to behave, or how someone or something described as philosophical should think and interact with others.  

Essential to understanding the nature of Astronism, particularly in contrast to other religions, is the principle known as motionalism. The motional nature of Astronism states that the beliefs central to Astronism will change and reshape throughout the history of Astronism as an inevitability of the progression of human civilisation. It is in this line of thought that the notion of Astronism's continuous development in a linear fashion alongside the advancement of humanity has emerged. A practical manifestation of this motionalist principle is the establishment of the department of New Concept Development (NCD) within the Astronist Institution which actively encourages Astronists to submit new beliefs, ideas, and theories that, if accepted, will become part of the Astroxa, the whole body of beliefs forming Astronism.  

Organisation of Astronism

Astronism is structured by twelve inclusive disciplines within which a vast plethora of disciplines of study and subdisciplines reside. As well as these, instruments of study exist, each of which are intended to complement philosophical investigations to form notions, concepts, beliefs, and theories. Astronism has been presented since its inception as being a means to find, navigate, re-find truth rather than a means of truth in and of itself. Additionally, Astronism can be considered through the analogy of being a vehicle in which it is in constant motion with itself forever changing in the aim of discovering a number of different truths.   

There exists a wide range of denominations within Astronism, all of which are based upon the nation states, people groups, language families, ideologies, cultures, governments, and ethnic groups of human civilisation on The Earth. Denominations of Astronism are categorised under comprehensive forms, within which standard denominations and subdenominations reside.   

From the very inception of Astronism, The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism, abbreviated to TIOTPOM, or IPM, has been given the prime authority, office, and responsibility for the preservation of the identity of Astronism, as well as its proper dissemination, development, and institutionalisation. This lead to the development of the primary form of Astronism known as Institutional Astronism, also referred to as the Millettarian Tradition. This form of Astronism is often referred to as the official form or that version of Astronism which is espoused by The Institution.   

Etymology and meaning

Main article: Etymology of Astronism

Pre-Cometanic etymology

While the word Astronism has become synonymous with Cometan and his beliefs, the term has pre-Cometanic origins with the British author and poet Stephen Livesey Ashworth whose first use of the term dates to 13th February 1999 with his publication 'A quick overview of Astronism' as a response to Adriano Autino, founder of the Space Renaissance movement, who asked him to explain his ideas.[1] During this short article, Ashworth used the term Astronism to refer to his cosmological theories and philosophy of space exploration. The philosophical worldview that Ashworth describes in this article hold considerable resemblance to transcension, the doctrine presently espoused by the Astronist Institution although Ashworth did not refer to it as such, instead calling it astronautical evolution.

Since then 1999, Ashworth has used both the terms Astronism and its counterpart Astronist to self-identify and to refer to his theories. In his 1999 article, Ashworth asserts that Astronism is "nothing like a religion" but instead a "philosophical worldview".

Cometanic etymology

Cometan first thought of the words Astronism and Astronist on 17th October 2018 as complimentary phrases for his philosophy/religion then called Millettism and its adherents Millettarians.[2] It was shortly after this that a complete transition was made to Astronism as the name of Cometan's belief system and Astronist to refer to a follower of this belief system. It was also at this time that Cometan first began to use the word Astronist to self-identify in terms of his religious and philosophical worldview.

In an effort to distinguish Cometan's Astronism from that of Ashworth's Astronism, the Astronist Institution coined the term Ashworthianism in 2021 to refer to Ashworth's theories collectively.

The origins of the word Astronism are related to the nouns astronaut and astronomy, as well as the prefix astro-. Each of these terms hold meanings in relation to space, the exploration of space, the stars, and the study of space.

Etymology from astrony

Main article: Astrony

The most popular etymology for Astronism is from the Cometanic noun astrony which means "contemplation of the stars". Astrony is considered to be the third and completing part of that which is known as the Astronic Triumvirate which is also formed by the nouns astrolatry and astromancy.

These three nouns together are considered to be represent all three of the aspects of astronomical intellectual and spiritual interaction. Astrony represents intellectual contemplation of the stars, astrolatry represents worship of the stars, and astromancy represents divination of and a spiritual connection to the stars. In this context, the phrase "the stars" also generally refers to what Astronists would call The Cosmos.

Etymology from astrone

Main article: Astrone

The secondary etymological founding for the appellation of Astronism is found to exist in the verb known as astrone (astroning, astroned, and astroner). Therefore, Astronism is considered to be primarily derived from a verb rather than a noun or name.

Astronism is considered the third and final element to culminate in human astronomical religion and as such, is derived from the practice of astrony and its related verb astrone. The first two elements are astrolatry and astromancy which have existed for thousands of years and which astrony is considered to bring together to form a triumvirate of astronomical religion as manifested through Astronism.

To astrone is to think, perceive, and receive all that exists through an astronomical, cosmocentric, or astrocentric lens and so an Astroner is distinguished, yet continues to be in tandem with an astronaut, for the latter physically explores The Cosmos while the former contemplatively and emotionally explores The Cosmos. The etymology of an astroner is "explorer of the stars".


Main article: Appellations of Astronism and Appellatology

Astronism holds a multifarious nature meaning that it is referred to by a multitude of different names (known as appellations) depending upon the culture and context; this is known as a state of multifaricity. The philosophy was originally referred to as Millettism as derived from Millettarian culture and literature and used to be officially known as The Philosophy of Millettism. Furthermore, it is also primarily known as Kosma, Neocosmism, or Sophism, and is alternatively referred to as Cosmicism, Cosmica, Celesta, or Milletticism.

Designation of Astronism

Main article: Designation of Astronism

Since its inception, Astronism has been categorised and described as an organised philosophy, meaning that it represents a synthesis of religion and philosophy.  

The Omnidoxy outlines in its Twenty-Five Foundations of Philosophy the notions of differentiation between philosophy and religion in general, whilst also establishing new notions about how philosophies are to be identified and how Astronism assimilates with such notions.  

The Omnidoxy openly expresses the goal of the synonymisation of Astronism and the term "philosophy" as well as Astronism championing the notion of the Reascension of Philosophy as one of its Seven Tenets of Association.  

Astronism also orients itself on its development of the role and identity of the philosopher, both personally and publicly in the context of different societies, and propounds the idea that the subject and practice of philosophy has been neglected and obscured during the process of its professionalisation during the 20th century.  

To further cement Astronism's position as a philosophy, it essentially relies not on faith as religions do, but on one's visual, mental, and imaginational experiences with and towards The Cosmos. Astronism does not dictate doctrine or prescribe beliefs that one must hold, but instead allows for the applications of the instruments of study for followers to come to their own conclusions about their contemplations.  

Instead, Astronism advocates for certain principles such as cosmocentricity, reascenionism, astronocentricity, and others as part of its philosophical premise rather than advocating for people's belief in a particular event, or narrative. Essentially, one brings to Astronism their ideas and Astronism allows for their ideas to flourish in such a way that respects each individual's perspective on the topic.  

Furthermore, no deities, worship, or divine revelations or proclamations exist in Astronism which further solidifies its designation as a philosophy rather than a religion. If one was to describe Astronism briefly, one could say that Astronism is the contemplation of The Cosmos and its functionalities. Astronism does not require one to imagine elements that they cannot see for its followers can see the stars, the planets, the moons, and the galaxies of The Cosmos. By this notion, the essentiality of Astronism rests in reason rather than faith for one does not need faith in order to see the functions of the stars, the planets, and the galaxies of The Cosmos.  

Astronic tradition

Main article: Astronic tradition

Astronism is classified to be part of what is known as the Astronic tradition which is a collection of religions, philosophies, and ideologies and has been described as the oldest of all religious traditions. The members of the Astronic tradition are characterised by their cosmocentricity; that is, a particular focus on the role of astronomical objects and events as well as The Cosmos as a whole on religious belief, spirituality, and philosophical thought and contemplation.

Astronomical religions

Main article: Astronomical religions

Astronism is frequently described an astronomical religion, a cosmic, or a space religion. Each of these designations is accurate and solidifies Astronism's place as one of the Astronic religions within the Astronic tradition. Astronomical religions are an ancient form of religious belief and practice said to have originated in the Upper Palaeolithic period of the Stone Age some 40,000 years ago. It is to this period that the Astronic traditions traces its origins and as a consequence, it is from these primitive and ancient religious beliefs and practices that Astronism is considered to be a descendent of.

Astronism as the trade appellation

Main article: Trade appellation

Astronism is one of the primary appellations of The Philosophy of Millettism, but unlike Kosma, Sophism, and Cosmism, Astronism holds the unique title of being the philosophy's brand or trade appellation. This means that this appellation is primarily utilised as the representative of the philosophy in the majority of commercial settings, such as in promulgative campaigns, materials, on websites, and social media platforms for the philosophy that are directly managed by The Institution. One of the main uses of the appellation of Astronism in this sense is via, the subdomain for is used as the main brand for The Philosophy of Millettism across social media and other digital platforms.

The reason for Astronism's designation as the trade appellation for the philosophy is due to many different factors, mainly that it is easy to read and say, as well as the fact that it's more closely and easily associated with an astronomical theme due to its etymological originations stemming from the term astronomy. Other reasons may include the issue of the inaptronymity of the appellation of Millettism as well as a strategic move away from associating the philosophy from the fictional character of Jesse Millette so as to position the philosophy as the precursor to that character rather than the other way around.

Cometanism and the Millettarian Tradition

Main articles: Cometanism and Millettarian Tradition

That which is referred to as Cometanism is the form of Astronism that is affiliated with the specific interpretation of Cometan and is therefore defined from general Astronism. The same can be said for the Millettarian Tradition, also known as Institutional Astronism, which pertains to the interpretation of Astronism upheld and espoused by its proprietor, The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism.

Adherent appellations

Main article: Adherents of Astronism

Followers of Astronism are referred to in a large variety of ways depending on the context of the reference, but also the specific denominations the individual adheres to, as well as their own specific belief orientations. However, in general terms, followers of the philosophy are described as either a Millettarian, Millettic, or a Milletti. Alternatively, they may be known or described as astronics, kosmics, kosmans, kosmays, cosmicists, sopharians, or sophists respective to the alternative appellations used.

Primary beliefs

The Seven Tenets of Association

Main article: The Seven Tenets of Association

The Seven Tenets of Association is the appellation for a collection of beliefs within Astronism that are considered to be central to the identity and worldview of what it means to be Astronist in orientation. These seven principal beliefs of Astronism form its foundations. Debate continues as to whether certain beliefs classified as part of this group should be replaced with others by Institutional action. The Seven Tenets of Association of Astronism are currently as follows:

Astronic cosmology

Main article: Astronic cosmology

The Astronic cosmology is a consistent Millettic interpretation of the order of existence, as divided into three essential existences, and three lesser existences, and forms a cornerstone to the Millettarian approach to ontology, logic, and metaphysics. The Millettarian cosmology plays a major and fundamental role in the notions of Astronism, thus influencing the Millettarian worldview, and all Millettarian approaches to contemplating philosophical concepts, theories, and branches.

The primary existence in the Millettarian cosmology is that which is known as The Cosmos which is physically equivalent to the universe in mainstream thought, while that which is known as The Universe encompasses The Cosmos and takes an infinite existence outside The Cosmos, and in which many cosmoses are believed to reside.

Beyond this, however, The Cosmos is considered to be an animate entity referenced in its entirety, in order to demonstrate the perfection of its orderity, formation, structure, naturity, processes, and its compositeness. The Millettarian Tradition considers The Cosmos to be inescapable for that which exists within it, both physically and mentally, but The Cosmos is also provided a central place in study, contemplation, and devotion in the Millettarian philosophical tradition.

The Cosmos represents perfection in the order of existence as all entities do exist by appearance, process, nature, and dimension, and is contrasted with one of the three lesser existences, known as The Chaos.

The Cosmos-Chaos Dichotomy is characterised by perfect order as manifested by The Cosmos and perfect disorder as manifested by The Chaos. Examples of cosmic entities are the fixed procedures and well-ordered natures of the stars, planets, and galaxies, while examples of chaotic entities, as influenced by The Chaos, include black holes, comets, asteroids, and any other entity that does not fit in with the standard orderity of the cosmical system. These are typically identified by unknownness in action or allegiance, and especially those entities that hold the tendency to destroy ordered processes in The Cosmos.

In addition, The Cosmos and its progenies are the central entities of depiction and representation in Millettarian traditions of art, ornamentation, architecture, and other forms of visual expression which further pertains to the centrality of The Cosmos in Millettarian philosophy, as is manifested by the concept and tenet of cosmocentricity.

There isn't a solidified notion, concept, or theory pertaining to a god in the entirety of The Philosophy of Millettism so as not to stray into the territories of religious philosophy. However, there is that which is known as The Divine, which is one of three essential existences, and could be described to take the role of god in the Millettarian cosmology. The term is interchangeable and applicable to many of the major religious traditions, in addition to non-theism, and even atheism.

In the Millettarian cosmology, The Divine exists beyond both The Cosmos and The Universe and is the primary reason for each of their existences exactly the way they are and everything that exists within them. Millettism contemplates the interactions and the general relationships between these three existences as its primary concern in addressing theology with one of the central areas of contemplation consisting of the extent to which The Divine intercedes with the progenies within The Universe and The Cosmos.

The Divine is considered uniquely infinite in all ways, dimensions, and realities, but it must be emphasised that the construction of the concept of The Divine is made purposefully vague and its study forever indefinite so as not to make a focus of it. This is done with the intention to further differentiate Millettism from religious traditions that tend to focus their philosophies around theological issues.

The three lesser existences of The Chaos, The Mytra, and The Betwixity are designated as such due to their existences within The Cosmos, though the true influence of The Chaos remains an unknown and unanswered notion in the Millettarian Tradition.

The Mytra is one of the three lesser existences within the Millettarian cosmology that relates to one's "individual, unique, and consequential relationship between themselves and The Cosmos". Essentially, The Mytra is one's personal correspondence to The Cosmos within which they reside and therefore each mytra is unique and only beings and entities that are able to perceive hold the ability to have their own mytra.

The Betwixity is the final of the three lesser existences within the Millettarian cosmology and relates to dimensions within The Cosmos itself, within other cosmoses, and the dimensions between such cosmoses. The easiest way to understand The Betwixity is to contemplate the proximities and the disproximities between celestial entities in The Cosmos; essentially, The Betwixity is all the spaces between all things in existence.

Astronist worldview

Main article: Cosmocentrism

An understanding of the worldview of Astronism is paramount to gaining a coherence of the position from which Astronists are standing with regards to all subjects of religious, philosophical, and ideological importance. This position is known as cosmocentrism, or cosmocentricity. Cosmocentrism has been described as the belief of Astronism as it is upon the cosmocentric worldview that all Astronist beliefs are predicated. Principally, cosmocentrism is a mentality or a way of viewing reality that places The Cosmos and all that is astronomical at the centre of one's thoughts, beliefs, ideology, and spirituality.


Main article: Astrocentrism

Astrocentrism is the consequence of the translation of a cosmocentric worldview to the context of social institutions. Its principal statement is that the trajectory of societal institutions is one of cosmocentricity. Astrocentrism is also the principal connection between the beliefs of Astronism and the political sphere with the ambitions of astrocentrism being firmly rooted in the ideology of spacism. Astrocentrist thought is characterised by a societal and governmental orientation towards space exploration as a significant priority for the society and that all aspects of life should be reoriented towards space as the principal industry of future economic prosperity.


Main article: Anthropicity

To lay the foundations of how the Millettarian philosophical tradition perceives, approaches, and attempts to understand existence, the concept of anthropicity is integral. Anthropicity measures the extent of humanity's relevance in cosmic affairs according to different philosophies and schools of thought.

The Philosophy of Millettism has always made the proclamation that the majority of philosophies and especially the religious traditions preceding itself are firstly Earthcentric, meaning that their cosmologies, worldviews, and overall philosophical narratives are based on The Earth and for The Earth. The second proclamation holds that they are fundamentally and inextricably anthropocentric meaning that the way they perceive existence and the way they study theology, cosmology, and metaphysics is centred on the human perspective, human feelings, and human wants and needs.

To contrast, The Philosophy of Millettism establishes itself according to the notion of cosmocentricity, which places focus on the perceptions, wants, needs, and general existence of The Cosmos at the centre of discussion while anthropic perceptions, wants, needs, and existence are subordinated.

In addition, The Philosophy of Millettism considers itself to be non-anthropic (not to be confused with anti-anthropic) which removes humanity from taking a centralised place in philosophical notions and theories as is the reality for non-Millettarian philosophies and traditions. Humanity is, of course, not removed from The Philosophy of Millettism, but it is considered to be put in its proper position of importance below that of The Cosmos.

Philosophical Spirit

Main article: Philosophical Spirit

The Philosophical Spirit can be most succinctly described as a set of principles and values based upon the way in which a person interacts with others as well as the way they think and the behaviour they exhibit in the face of intellectual opposition. The Philosophical Spirit are the exact characteristics of encouraged debate, the prioritisation of rationality, the acceptance of all logical justifications, as well as reverence for the diversity of opinions and thoughts.

The role of Cometan

Main article: Cometan in Astronism

In Astronism, Cometan assumes the role of the founder, the First Padron, the reorganiser and populariser of the Astronic tradition and astronomical religions, as well as the progenitor of all Astronist thought, faith, spirituality, mythology, and philosophy. To Astronists, Cometan is regarded as the father of the astronomical faith. Cometan is a title that is ascribed to a person in Astronism who has achieved a level of understanding of The Cosmos, or cosmicity, that they experience a type of cosmic enlightenment.


Main article: Foundership of Astronism

The founder of Astronism is an office, role, and identity that is solely ascribed to the personage of Cometan who not only founded the Astronist system, but worked towards its establishment as an organised philosophy; a synthesis of philosophy and religion. The foundership of Cometan that was ascribed to the personage of Cometan was so due to the efforts of Cometan during the era known as The Founding of Astronism, the following era of which, known as The Establishment of Astronism, further solidified Cometan's role as both the founder and the establisher.


Main article: Preternaturalism

In Astronism, the Omnidoxy is considered to be evidential of the preternatural abilities of Cometan which are considered to reaffirm the status of Cometan as founder of Astronism as well as his deservedness of being ascribed the title of Cometan.


Main article: Personage of Cometan

The personage of Cometan is often mentioned when referring to his interactions with and to his foundership and padronship of Astronism. The personage of Cometan forms the identity, abilities, vision, characteristics, and intellectuality essential to him succeeding in founding Astronism and writing the Omnidoxy. Cometan is the second personage of Brandon Taylorian and is the authorial, philosophic, religious, and padronic identity by which Cometan acts as distinct from his personal and private life which is governed by the personage of Brandon Taylorian.


Main article: Cometanology

The study of the personage of Cometan and his interactions with and role within Astronism has been contemplated since the inception of Astronism and manifests in the form of cometanology. Cometanologists consider a variety of questions directing relating to the personage of Cometan, principal examples of which include the role of Cometan, Cometan's preternaturality, Cometanic ontology, and the chosenness of Cometan.

Astronist theology

Main article: Astronist theology

The theology of Astronism was explored and outlined in the Omnidoxy written by Cometan and consists of a combination between panentheism and the theological orientation unique to Astronism known as depadotheism. The conception of God in the context of Astronism is The Divine which was first introduced as part of the Astronic cosmology and came to influence the rest of religion in a multitude of ways.

However, despite an official theology being established, Astronism also consists of a variety of other theological positions including atheism, monotheism, polytheism, non-theism, and agnosticism, all of which are incorporated into the Astronist theology to form different Astronist theological approaches that often considered as either Non-Institutional, or as part of Astronist heterodoxy.

Other elements of Astronist theology include:


Main article: Manumissionism

A significant and unique aspect of the Astronist theology, particularly divergent from traditional theologies, is the belief orientation of manumissionism. Manumissionist thought states that the concept of God should be one that prioritises freedom above all else rather than submission to the will of God and that humans are only accountable to themselves, The Cosmos in which they reside, and the destiny of humanity in order to achieve transcension. Essentially, manumissionism rejects the notion of submission to a concept such as God and instead advocates for the prioritisation of freedom from all chains and forms of repression which is a notion that fundamentally links to Astronist ethics and eleuthonism.


Main article: Depadotheism

One of the most important and unique contributions of Astronist theology to the wider theological debate was the challenging of traditionally-held views about God and the nature and characteristics of divinity. A manifestation of this came in the form of depadotheism which still remains one of the defining elements of the Astronist theology, or the Astronist conception and understanding of God.

Depadotheism rejects all notions of anthropomorphism in the context of God and therefore denies any claims of divine incarnations, but perhaps even more fundamentally, depadotheism rejects the notion that God feels the same emotions as humans feel. Perhaps it was the attempt of Christians to proximate God with humanity's emotions to present a God that resonated and was much more understandable. However, in depadotheism, it is rejected that God feels anger, mercy, and perhaps most pivotally, love, particularly the latter of which has come to be intertwined with the Christian understanding of God. Depadotheist thought rejects all of this and states that in attaching emotions to God lowers the status of whatever did create and continues to sustain existence.

Astronic philosophy

Main article: Astronic philosophy

Astronic philosophy is the tradition of philosophy that exists and has existed throughout the history of the Astronic religions and together with Astronic ideology and Astronic mythology, come form the four aspects of the Astronic tradition. Characterised by a general fixation on philosophising about space, Astronic philosophy saw development through the many religious practices of prehistoric and ancient eras, namely through astrolatry and astromancy.

According to Astronist scholarship, Astronic philosophy also encompasses the theoretical works of Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei and especially philosophical cosmologists like Giordano Bruno.

Cosmic philosophy

Main article: Cosmic philosophy

Cosmic philosophy, officially called cosmontology, is the branch of study within philosophy that was founded by Cometan as a direct result and in subsequence to the founding of the Astronist religion. Cosmic philosophy formed an integral part of the theoretical and cosmological foundations of Astronism and remains the principal contributing to Astronism's entire identity as an astronomical religion.

Cosmic philosophy is a continuously expanding field due to its relative infancy, however, after being organised by Cometan, it can now be understood to focus primarily on constructing philosophical inquiries into the topics of space exploration, the nature of The Cosmos, the ethics of space travel and colonisation, the readiness of humanity to explore space, and also contemplates many aspects of astronomy and cosmology that are currently beyond the bounds of what scientific empiricism is able to consider, thus demonstrating the close-knit relationship between cosmontology and astronomy/cosmology.

Astronist philosophy

Main article: Astronist philosophy

Astronist philosophy encompasses both the tradition of philosophical inquiry and the role that philosophy has and continues to play in the founding and subsequent development of Astronism. From its inception, Astronism has been affirmed as an equal synthesis of religion and philosophy and it is Astronist philosophy that forms the tradition of Astronists exploring philosophical disciplines such as ontology, epistemology, and ethics.

It was from these explorations that Astronist ethics, Astronist ontology, and Astronist cosmology emerged and came to form the structural foundations of Astronist thought.

Others branches of Astronism

Astronist eschatology

Main article: Eschatology of Astronism

Astronist cosmology

Main article: Cosmology of Astronism

Astronist society

Main articles: Reascensionism, Non-thinking, Reinvigorationism

Astronist ethics

Main articles: Astronist ethics, Eleuthonism, Space ethics, Ideationism

Astronist ontology

Main article: Astronist ontology, Uniquitarianism, Ontation, Ontometry

Astronist mysticism

Main article: Astrocism, Astrosis, Autocosmia

Astronist futurology

Main article: Astronist futurology, Humanic Exploration of The Cosmos, Intracosmism, Sentientism

Main practices


Main article: Devotology


Physical and mental

Revelatory, intellectual and philosophic


Main article: Occurrology

Individual activities

Private activities

Public, sopharial and phrontisterial activities

Festivals and events

Other activities


Main article: Astronic rendition

Symbols of Astronism

Main article: Astronist symbolism

Bluebg (1)

Dark Background Version of the Vendox, the most well-known symbol representing Astronism.


Main article: Vendox

The Vendox is the principal symbol of Astronism that was created by Cometan during The Founding of Astronism. It has also come to symbol Cometan's movement for the popularisation of astronomical religions and is currently used on the majority of media for the promulgation of Astronism.


Main article: Vendoxology

Vendoxology is the systematic study of the symbol of the Vendox and is studied by vendoxologists. Vendoxology considers the symbolism, structure, and usages of the Vendox throughout Astronist communities worldwide. It also involves comparative studies of the Vendox in relation to other religious and philosophical symbols and signs.

Sign of The Cosmos

Main article: Yǒuxiàn yǔzhòu

Astra symbol

Main article: Astra symbol

Canon of Astronism

Main article: Canon of Astronism


Main article: Omnidoxy


Original cover of the Omnidoxy.

The Grand Centrality of The Philosophy of Millettism is the major book that outlines The Philosophy, the largest and most important treatise inside which is titled The Omnidoxy. The Omnidoxy is divided into twelve disquisitions, collectively known as The Twelve Grand Principles, and are each associated with an inclusive discipline, the largest of which is sanitology.

These disquisitions are further divided into discourses, the unique titles of which are known as rubrals. The Omnidoxy is written according to a unique structure of documentation known as insentensation which is characterised by using sentences as paragraphs, therefore each different sentence in The Omnidoxy is separated with a space as paragraphs are identified; this is known as the writing style of insentence.


Main article: Authorship of the Omnidoxy

The Omnidoxy was solely written by Cometan who started creating the treatise through what is termed as a mixture of personal inspirations, revelations, indrucies, and ideations from the age of seventeen after two years of contemplation. Cometan's authorship of the Omnidoxy during his adolescent and early adulthood years remains the principal evidence for the notion of Cometan's preternatural abilities. The Omnidoxy took around five years for Cometan to complete he was around twenty-two when its first edition was finally manifested during The Year of Manifestation.


Main article: Structure of the Omnidoxy

The Omnidoxy is principally structured according to three main parts including the Preppendix, the Twelve Grand Disquisitions, and the Appendix. With both the Preppendix and the Appendix, there exists a series of segments which cover a range of topics from Astronist mythology to administrative topics in the Preppendix to The Grand Lexicon of Astronology and the Omnidoxical Encyclopaedia of Astronism in the Appendix.

The main portion of the Omnidoxy is formed by the Twelve Grand Disquisitions which are comprised of doxies from the Monodoxy to the twelfth and final disquisition known as the Dodecadoxy. Each of these disquisitions is comprised of a series of discourses which are themselves structured by insentensations that are each indexed as part of the indexment system of the Omnidoxy. Each of these discourses have titled known as rubrals which offer an overview of the content within the discourse to which they are attached.

Writing styles


Main article: Omnidoxicology

Disquisitional branches:

Non-disquisitional branches:


Main article: Criticism of the Omnidoxy

Criticism of the Omnidoxy has existed from the moment of its original publication by The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism in 2019. From the authorship of Cometan to a myriad of questions surrounding the preternatural origins and createdness of the Omnidoxy, criticism of the text has consistently existed in a wide range of forms.

Astronic canonicity

Main article: Astronic canonicity

Astronic canonicity refers to the books that are considered to be part of the collection of scriptures, holy texts, documents, and treatises associated with the religions and philosophies that make up the Astronic tradition.

Governance of Astronism

Main article: Governance of Astronism, Institutiology

The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism, or TIOTPOM holds the authority to both form and recognise new denominations, and schools of thought, as well as introduce new practices, devotions, concepts, theories, disciplines and instruments of study.

TIOTPOM holds its own unique polity as it is constitutionally bound to The People's Constitutional Company of Jesse Millette, as well as to the policies its leaders establish. One of the primary responsibilities of the IPM is the planning, development, construction, and management of all sophariums, which is itself a discipline of study known as naology.   


Main article: Proprietorship

Proprietorship is the official existential status and relationship between The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism and the organised philosophy of Astronism as conferred to the former by Cometan in the Omnidoxy. From what is understood in the Omnidoxy, it is The Institution's responsibility to preserve, disseminate, and conceptually expand and develop Astronism indefinitely with an apolitical orientation simply focused on the betterment of Astronism for Astronists and the expansion and development of the body of beliefs and concepts within Astronism which is collectively referred to as the Astroxa.

Padrons of The Institution

Main articles: Padron, Padronship and Padronology

Padronship is the office, role, and identity of the leadership of The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism and the padron is the singular elected leader of The Institution. Cometan was the first person to hold the office of padronship and was subsequently referred to as the First Padron. Padrons hold the ability to make major changes to Astronism by introducing new beliefs, terms, and concepts, and many of the bills and policies implemented by The Institution must first by passed by the padron.

Unlike in other religions, the padron of The Institution can be either male or female as the only requirement is that they swear on oath that they will do right by Astronism for the betterment of the organised philosophy in the name of the Philosophical Spirit.

New Concept Development

Main article: New Concept Development (NCD)

New Concept Development is a major department within The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism. It was granted the permission by Cometan in the Omnidoxy for the development, introduction, explanation, and subsequent dissemination of new beliefs, terms, and concepts to the adherents of Astronism globally. More importantly, it was given the responsibility to study and authenticate all incoming proposals for concepts and beliefs to become part of the Astroxa.

History of Astronism

Main articles: History of Astronism and Timeline of Astronism

The history of Astronism, like majority of everything else within the organised philosophy, is heavily categorised and due to the significant complexity of encompassing and recording the history of an entire belief system, it seems prudent that a framework developed to organise the majority events that occurred both during the life of Cometan in the earliest days of Astronism and during the post-Cometanic era.

The origins of Astronism have become synonymous with the life events and chronology of the personage of Cometan and a subsequence, the earliest history of Astronism has become intertwined with the life of Cometan. Just as Cometan's life was organised into annual life periods, so was Astronism during that which is known as the Cometanic Age.

Annual life periods refer to a single year in the history of Astronism and in the life Cometan while those which are known as eras refer to series of years with a shared theme or set of events occurring within that period. Finally, the largest categorisation of Astronist history are known as ages. These are collections of eras spreading across several or more decades and even across centuries. The first age in the history of Astronism is the Cometanic Age which is the time during which Cometan is alive which is the current age for Astronism.

Cometanic Age (2013 - )

Main article: Cometanic Age

The Founding of Astronism (2013 - 2020)

Main article: The Founding of Astronism

The Establishment of Astronism (2020 - present)

Main article: The Establishment of Astronism

According to Millettic tradition, Cometan began to receive personal inspirations from the age of fifteen which are forms of ideational revelation based on receiving an unusually large number of ideas on a subject concentrated into a specific period of time. It was Cometan's subsequent transcription of these ideas that lead to the young philosopher's creation of the Omnidoxy.

Figures of Astronism

Main article: Figures of Astronism

Gaining an understanding of how different individuals have held influence and impact over the development over a religion or philosophy significantly improves one's understanding of how and why that particular belief system exists as it does in the present day. The figures of Astronism is a discipline of study that deals with individual people that have made notable contributions to the historical development of Astronism directly and indirectly.

Cometan, during The Founding of Astronism era, developed a framework for categorising these different figures according to the significance, frequency and the overall nature of how they contributed to Astronism. Cometan himself is provided with special recognition as the sole Founder of Astronism as distinguished from the category titled the founding figures of Astronism.

Cometanic era

The Cometanic era refers to the era during which Cometan was alive and those figures who were alive at the same time as Cometan, whether they met him in person or not. Below are the different categories of figures developed by Cometan for the duration of the Cometanic era.

Founding figures

Main article: Founding figures of Astronism

The founding figures of Astronism are those individuals who were particularly involved during either The Founding of Astronism era or the subsequent Establishment of Astronism era. Nevertheless, these individuals are recognised for playing a significant role during the founding years of the organised philosophy. To be a founding figure is the highest level provided to an individual with the exception of being classified as the founder which is ascribed to Cometan alone.

Prominent figures

Main article: Prominence

Prominence is the status provided for those individuals recognised as having contributed specific concepts, beliefs, terms, and in some other way. It is the verifiable specificity of a person's contributions that grants them their status of prominence within Astronism.

Minor figures

Main article: Minorance

Minorance is the status provided for those individuals recognised as having made contributions to Astronism, but none that are specifically recognised with any particularity which distinguishes them from figures of prominence.

Coportant figures

Main article: Coportance

Coportance is the rare status provided to individuals who have been recognised posthumously for their contributions to Astronism or have otherwise made contributions to Astronism without their full knowledge. Essentially, to be a coportant figure is to have verifiably indirectly contributed to Astronism.

Post-Cometanic era

The post-Cometanic era refers to the time period following the death of Cometan and involves those figures who were born or made their contributions to Astronism after the death of Cometan.

The study of Astronism

Forms of Astronism

Main article: Forms of Astronism

The forms of Astronism is a framework developed during The Founding of Astronism by Cometan that is used to organise the various different manifestations and forms of the organised philosophy with the three primary forms including Philosophical Astronism, Theoretical Astronism, and Practical Astronism. The study of Meta-Astronism is entirely dependent upon an understanding of the forms of Astronism as it also involves levels of orthodoxy within Astronism, Astronist syncretism, as well as other forms such Omnidoxical Astronism, Folk Astronism, Heterodoxical Astronism, and the various minor forms of Astronism.

Inclusive disciplines

Main article: Inclusive disciplines

An inclusive discipline is the major organising function for disciplines of study of Astronism and Astronist philosophy and their derivations. An inclusive discipline is named as such because it is inclusive of a range of disciplines of study that all typically share a common underlying theme. There exist twelve inclusive disciplines within Astronism, each of which is associated with one of the Twelve Grand Disquisitions of the Omnidoxy. A discipline of study that is included as part of an inclusive discipline is referred to as being inclusivised while a discipline of study that is not included in any of the twelve inclusive disciplines is referred to as being disinclusivised.


Main article: Compendology

Compendology is the inclusive discipline associated with and manifested in the Monodoxy, the first disquisition of the Omnidoxy. Compendological study focuses on the philosophy of The Cosmos, a series of extensive musings and writings composed by Cometan regarding the nature, structure, functions, and elements of The Cosmos which subsequently informed the beliefs of Astronism about the importance and centrality of The Cosmos as encapsulated by the belief of cosmocentrism.


Main article: Sanitology

Sanitology is the largest inclusive discipline of Astronism and is associated with the second disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Duodoxy. It remains difficult to pinpoint the core focus of sanitology due to the huge range of topics that the discipline covers, however, the most disciplines part of sanitological study include naology, tiritology, devotology, and comparology. Sanitology is arguably the introducer and main proponent of theoretical Astronism in the Omnidoxy.


Main article: Abettology

Abettology is a small inclusive discipline of Astronism and was assigned to the third disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Tridoxy. Abettological study principally involves the philosophical discussion and contemplation of charity, the nature of stewardship, as well as the Astronist approach to environmentalism.


Main article: Equitology

Equitology is chronologically the fourth inclusive discipline of Astronism due to its association with The Tetradoxy, the fourth disquisition of the Omnidoxy. Equitological study principally focuses on the philosophical contemplation of the concepts of justice and patience, but also includes the address of trivial familial and relationship issues from an Astronist perspective, and also encompasses the study of the process of extollation and the life of the extollants of Astronism.


Main article: Xentology

Xentology, also spelt as zentology, is an inclusive discipline of Astronism that remains associated with the fifth disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Pentadoxy. Principally tasked with the philosophical discussion and study of ambition and enlightenment, the discipline also introduced a plethora of new terms and concepts in relation to both philosophical and theoretical Astronism.


Main article: Ghenology

Ghenology is chronologically the sixth inclusive discipline of Astronism due to its association with the sixth disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Hexadoxy. Ghenological study is primarily concerned with the development of the Astronist approach to ontology as well as the wider philosophical contemplation and discussion of perception.


Main article: Expology

Expology is the seventh inclusive discipline of the total of twelve which formulate Astronism and remains associated with The Septidoxy, the seventh disquisition of the Omnidoxy. Expological study is concerned with the philosophical contemplation and discussion of space exploration, both the practical, ethical, theoretical, and spiritual elements of this major endeavour.


Main article: Rhemnology

Rhemnology is the eighth inclusive discipline of the philosophy of Astronism and is associated with The Octadoxy, which is itself the eighth disquisition forming the Omnidoxy. Principally dealing with the philosophical study and contemplation of advancement as well as introducing the Astronist approaches to eschatology, rhemnologists are also concerned with the philosophical study of death and Astronist practices regarding the dead.


Main article: Contology

Contology is the inclusive discipline of Astronism that introduces and deals with the ethical principles of the philosophy. Contological study is associated with the ninth disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Nonodoxy and in addition to introducing the Astronist approach to ethics, it also explores the Astronist understanding of the theory of knowledge.


Main article: Durantology

Durantology is the chronologically the tenth inclusive discipline of Astronism and is assigned to the tenth disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Decadoxy. Durantological study is focused on the philosophical contemplation of the nature of space and time and in the writings of The Decadoxy, also juxtaposed then present scientific theories about a plethora of different subjects within physics and astronomy with the beliefs held in Astronism.


Main article: Quillitology

Quillitology is the eleventh and therefore the penultimate inclusive discipline of Astronism and is ascribed in The Hendecadoxy, the eleventh disquisition of the Omnidoxy. Quillitological study principally deals with the contemplation of the concepts of peace and acceptance in relation to philosophy, particularly in relation to the beliefs of Astronism.


Main article: Prerology

Prerology is the twelfth and ultimate inclusive discipline of the philosophy of Astronism and is thus associated with the twelfth and final disquisition of the Omnidoxy, known as The Dodecadoxy. Prerology remains principally concerned with the philosophical study and contemplation of both the nature of freedom and the functions of imagination, however, prerology was further expanded by Cometan to encompass the study of cometanhood, Millettarian mystology, and a range of other subdisciplines.

Disciplines of study

Main article: Discipline of study

The study of Astronism is systematically and categorically structured according to a wide range of disciplines, officially known as disciplines of study. Each discipline is designated a subject that philosophers and adherents of The Philosophy of Millettism are expected to explore and contemplate in order to widen the breadth and depth of the discipline. The disciplines of study of Millettarian philosophy can be considered extensions to the six traditional major philosophical branches of aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, metaphysics, and ontology, but with a uniquely Millettarian characterisation and premise.

Disciplines of study themselves are categorised into three distinct groups; inclusive disciplines, standard disciplines, and subdisciplines. The first of these relates to the most encompassing of discipline type, of which there are only twelve in Millettarian philosophy. These are known as Compendology, Abettology, Logicology, Equitology, Zentology, Ghenology, Expology, Rhemnology, Contology, Durantology, Quillitology and Prerology, and are listed chronologically according to the order in which they appear within The Omnidoxy.

In contrast, standard disciplines are much more abundant and address the vast majority of subjects within Millettarian philosophy, examples of which are naology, revology, filamentology, obliviology, and many others. Subdisciplines, however, are greater in rarity due to the niche topics they address and the reduced frequency of their utility and application, examples of which include parallactics, sentientics, and singuletics.

The disciplines of study form the basis for all philosophical investigation, contemplation, and enknowledgement for they act as the organisers of Millettarian philosophical enquiry and are expected to provide greater interactivity for both adherents of The Philosophy as well as specialist philosophers focusing on just one discipline. In addition, the applicability of concepts, theories, and notions under the auspices of such disciplines is expected to improve the discoverability and educability of The Philosophy of Millettism as a whole.

Instruments of study

Main article: Instrument of study

In tandem with the disciplines of study, those which are known as instruments, officially as instruments of study, form the basis of how philosophers and adherents to The Philosophy of Millettism are expected to apply their ideas to create notions and conceptions, and are unique to the Millettarian philosophical tradition.

The most common form of an instrument of study is the measurement of some parameter, the most regularly applied of which is orderity; the extent to which an entity, especially a celestial entity, falls in alignment with the order of the cosmical system so as to derive whether the entity is cosmical or chaotic by nature.

Just like all the disciplines of study, instruments of study are integral to Millettarian philosophical enquiry for without them, the progression of an idea from a notion to a conception, and even to a theory, lacks clarity, systematic function, and applicability. Furthermore, an entire discipline of study is formed to address the study of instruments themselves, the way they are and can be applied, and the popularities of their usage, which is known as Instrument Theory.

There exists two different types of instruments of study besides the standard instrument which includes those categorised as semistruments and twinstruments. Semistruments are instruments of study that are either only applicable to certain subjects in particular circumstances, or the general popularity of the application of such instruments is considerably lower than that of a standard instrument.

Alternatively, twinstruments are a pair of either standard instruments or semistruments that are inextricably linked to one another, especially so in opposition to one another, each of which are known as comparters of the other. An example of a pair of twinstruments are progressivity and regressivity, the association of which form a dichotomy, the former measuring progression and the latter measuring regression.

To apply instruments of study is to follow one of the main tenets of what is considered proper philosophical practice with the application of many instruments of study to a subject in order to form an essay known as an instrumentation.


Main article: Conceptual

As part of the Astronist philosophy of religion, a distinct characteristic of Astronist thought was to place a significant importance on the categorisation of the currency of a religion, a philosophy, or indeed any other type of system of thought; its concepts. Cometan formulated a set of categories which were to be used in order to classify different types of conceptuals, the principal of which include belief orientations, theories, notions, and concepts.


Main article: Originality of Astronism

The originality of Astronism is a proclamation that is made in the Omnidoxy by Cometan regarding the notion that the majority of concepts, beliefs, terminology, and theories within Astronism are unique and original to Astronism. This proclamation of originality was arguably put forward by Cometan in order to distinguish and superiorise Astronism in comparison to other religions as well as to demonstrate that Astronism belongs to a distinct tradition of thought and belief making it unclassifiable into any of the other extant religious traditions, thus leading to the organisation of the Astronic tradition.

Furthermore, a subsequence of this proclamation, the question of the originality of Astronism has emerged and can be considered as part of the studies of Meta-Astronism as well as part of the criticism of Astronism as to question the originality of something is to question its authenticity.


Main article: Denomination of Astronism

Institutional Astronism

Main article: Institutional Astronism

Institutional Astronism is the original and primary denomination of Astronism. It was founded by Cometan in the Omnidoxy and was therein granted proprietorship over Astronism and all its concepts, terms, and beliefs, as well as the commercial and organisational aspects of the organised philosophy. Institutional Astronism, which may also be referred to as the Millettarian Tradition, is named as such due to its governance by The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism which was the original publisher of the Omnidoxy text.

Non-Institutional Astronism

Main article: Non-Institutional Astronism

There does exist a variety of denominations of Astronism that are not in what is known as vicinality with The Institution; vicinality is mutual recognition between two denominations. This has formed a series of denominations which are collectively referred to as non-Institutional Astronism.

Mother religion

Main article: Mother religion

Astronism is sometimes referred to as being a mother religion to denote how it has birthed a number of new religious movements and spiritualities. As a result, a series of denominations which consider themselves to be distinct religions in and of themselves describe Astronism as being their mother religion, or the religion from which their beliefs and practices are directly derived.

Schools of thought

Main article: Astronist schools of thought

Astronism encompasses a variety of schools of thought, the majority of which are concerned with the branch of philosophy known as cosmic philosophy while others are concerned with more traditional theological and philosophical subjects like soteriology, eschatology, ontology, and ethics.


Main articles: Philosophic demography, Astronist population growth, and Astronist denominations by membership

See also: Astrodom and Astronist state

Geographic distribution

Pre-Cometanic Astronic religions

Main article: Demographics of pre-Cometanic Astronic religions

Determining the population sizes of Astronic religions is an area of study and research that is currently ongoing and has been largely undermined and under-researched due to the lack of sufficient data of populations adhered to nature religions and astronomical religions which make up two major segments of the Astronic religions category. The Institution of The Philosophy of Millettism has said in multiple statements that it is dedicated to researching this particular area of study with the intention of gaining a clear understanding of the global landscape of Astronic religions both presently and in past time periods.

Comparative Astronism

Main articles: Comparative Astronism and Comparology

A tradition of comparison has always existed as part of Astronism since the organised philosophy's founding by Cometan as comparison has acted as an important tool in the distinguishing of the beliefs of Astronism from those of non-Astronist religions. Comparative Astronism is the official name for area of study dealing with comparisons involving Astronism and its main branches involve Astronism and religions, Astronism and philosophies, Astronism and ideologies, as well as the comparison between Cometan and other religious founders, a branch called comparative figures.

Astronist culture

Main article: Astronist culture

Astronist culture is the set of values, principles, practices, and forms of art that have emerged as a result of the development of Astronism and by the creative works of Astronists.


Main article: Millettarian architecture and Astronist architecture


Main articles: Millettarian art and Astronist art


Main article: Millettarian music


Main article: Millettarian literature and Astronist literature


Main articles: Millettic gastronomy and Millettic dietary customs


Main article: Criticism of Astronism

Criticism of Astronism has existed since the formation of the organised philosophy, either relating to the beliefs of Astronism, the founding book of Astronism, the Omnidoxy, and the founder of Astronism, Cometan.

See also

External links

Main beliefs
Belief superstructure of Astronism The Seven Tenets of Association Humanic Exploration of The Cosmos · Reascensionism · Cosmocentrism · Intracosmism · Sentientism · Cosmic devotion · Enknowledgement
Cosmological Astronic cosmology · Cosmology of Astronism · Triadism · Limitationism · Uncreatedness · Divine · Universe · Cosmos · Chaos · Mytra · Betwixity · Metakosmia · Metagalaxy · Omniverse
Perceptual and intellectual Cosmocentrism · Astrocentrism · Anthropicity · Anti-anthropocentrism · Philosophical Spirit
Cometanic Foundership · Preternaturalism · Personage · Cometanology · Cometanic ontology
Theological The Divine · Astronist theology · Manumissionism · Depadotheism · Attributes of Divinity · Astronist panentheism · Divinology
Eschatological Eschatology of Astronism · Cosmosis · Naturalism · Transcensionism · Transtellationism · Ephemeralism
Societal Reascensionism · Non-thinking · Reinvigorationism
Ethical Astronist ethics · Eleuthonism · Space ethics · Ideationism
Ontological Uniquitarianism · Ontation
Mystical Astrocism · Astronomical elixir · Cosmic alchemy · Astrosis
Soteriological Redemption in Astronism
Main practices
Superstructure of Astronist practices Devotological Cosmic devotion · Mutual devotion · Cosmomancy · Astrolatry · Astromancy · Retination · Stardance · Starsleeping · Astrophotography · Astronomical commemoration · Astration · Astromeditation · Personal inspiration · Indrucy · Astrologue · Debatation
Occurrological Startryst · Intosy · Panosy · Astronomy tourism · Cosmogosy · Phrontistas · Starball · Philosophic tourism · Sempition · Orreration · Holographic show · Starlight Festival (Stellara · Kintana · The Starlight Council) · Starlight social · Astrofair · Astroprom · Stargazing · Starguild · Starparty · Theatrosy · Astronomical observation · Astrocrafts · Astroexercise · Starbathing · Stardown · Starjam · Starnight · Starwalk · Sungrazing · Philosophers' camp
Rendition Astronist ethics · Eleuthonism · Space ethics · Ideationism
Disciplines of study
Inclusive disciplines Compendology Content

Sanitology Content

Abettology Content

Sanitology Content

Equitology Content

Zentology Content

Ghenology Content

Expology Content

Rhemnology Content

Contology Content

Durantology Content

Quillitology Content

Prerology Content

  1. Ashworth, Stephen (1999), ‘A quick overview of Astronism’, [Online]. The Technologies of the Frontier. Available at: [Accessed 8 February 2024].
  2. Cometan, The Institutional Dictionary of Astronism (Astral Publishing, Preston, 2021), pp. 421.